学习啦  美婷   2020-03-27 10:57:50



  Montage originates from a French architectural(建筑学的) term, which has been borrowed by the film-making field and refers to the choosing, cutting and combining of separate photographic material so as to make a connected film①. The film artists divide the content into different stages, scenes, etc. and treat them respectively(分别); then based on the theme and the plot, use certain techniques,to edit them, producing the effects of coherence1, echo, contrast, symbolization2, exaggeration, foil and suspense3, resulting in an integrated artistic4 work②. In Charlie Chaplin’s Modern Times, the first scene is of a flock of sheep being put into the fold(羊栏), and the next is of a group of workers surging into(涌进) the factory. The two different shots, edited and spliced5(接合) together,

  imply that the capitalists treat workers as livestock6(牲畜).

  Montage can be divided into narrative7(叙述性的) and expressive8 montage. Narrative montage is based on the development of the plot, by which the audience is attracted and enabled to follow the chronological9(按年代顺序排列的) order, to learn the causes and effects easily. If subdivided(细分),narrative montage consists of consecutive10 montage, paralleled montage, crossing montage and reviewing montage③. But they are not used separately. In film, they merge11 into and supplement one another to manage the subject more freely and thoroughly12④. Expressive montage is a more abstract, general, suggestive and symbolic13 method calling for the audience’s initiative(主动), meditation(沉思)and analysis(分析). It includes contrastive montage, metaphorical14 montage, psychological montage and rational montage⑤. Unlike narrative montage, expressive montage combines all the shots directly,even without concrete(具体的) images, and probably forces the audience to understand in their own way the internal implications(内涵) carried out by the abstract codes(符号).








  Break the cooking pots and sink the boats——Cut off all means of retreat(退却)

  Toward the end of the third century BC,General Zhang Han of the Qin Dynasty led his army against the State of Chu and defeated(击败)the Chu army.Zhang Han was so carried away with the victory that he neglected(忽略)another Chu army in the south.He led his army north to attack the State of Zhao.The King of Zhao retreated to the city of Julu,present day Xingtai in North China’s Hebei province,and Zhang Han surrounded(包围)the city.

  On learning that the King of Zhao was in danger,the King of Chu in the south sent his two

  generals Song Yi and Xiang Yu to rescue(解救)the King of Zhao.

  The two generals led their troops(军队) north.When they have gone half way,General Song Yi refused to advance before a river.He stayed there for 46 days.Xiang Yu tried to persuade Song Yi to advance further but Song Yi turned a deaf ear.So Xiang Yu killed him and reported it to the King.The King made Xiang Yu the top general.Xiang Yu then sent his officers and 20 thousand soldiers across the river to fight Zhang Han’s troops.But they couldn’t break through, because the enemy troops greatly outnumbered(数量上胜过)them.The officers asked for more soldiers.

  At this time,Xiang decided1 to lead all his soldiers across the river to win the battle. He sank the boats after crossing the river,smashed(打碎)his army’s cooking pots and set fire to their huts.He ordered his soldiers to take only three days’food.They had to advance and win the battle,because they couldn’t retreat.Sure enough,the soldiers fought heroically and defeated Zhang Han’s troops and rescued the King of Zhao.

  Xiang Yu’s resolute2 actions were later summed up in the idiom Pò Fǔ Chén Zhōu and people use

  it to describea person’s resolve(决心)to win.


  1.What’s the meaning of “carry away”?

  2.Which word has the close meaning to“turn a deaf ear”?

  3.If you were Xiang Yu,what had you done under that circumstance(情况)?









上一篇:The Hockey Sweater英语
学习成就梦想!— — 学习啦